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J Infect Dis. 1978 Dec;138(6):719-30.

Characterization of lipopolysaccharide of Haemophilus influenzae.


Lipopolysaccharide from strains of Haemophilus influenzae was extracted and isolated by the hot phenol-water procedure. The preparations were relatively insoluble in water but could be solubilized with surface-active agents. The preparations contained carbohydrate (30%), fatty acid (29%), and phosphate (4.7%); protein content was less than 1%. Thin-layer chromatography, gas-liquid chromatography, and colorimetric assays detected glucose, galactose, glucosamine, heptose, and a 2-keto-3-deoxy-octonate-like molecule (less than 1%). Neither methylpentose nor dideoxyhexose was detected. The lipid portion was composed of fatty acids common to lipopolysaccharide of Salmonella. The preparations provoked positive dermal Shwartzman reactions and biphasic febrile responses in rabbits, responses typical of endotoxic activity. The 50% lethal dose for mice was decreased from 16.5 microgram/g to 0.015 microgram/g by concomitant administration of actinomycin D. The preparations were shown to be polyclonal activators of bone marrow-derived (B) cells. Limulus lysate gelation was seen with 8.0 ng of lipopolysaccharide. Preliminary hemagglutination data suggested at least three different antigenic factors associated with the lipopolysaccharide of H. influenzae type b. The H. influenzae lipopolysaccharide appeared biologically similar to that of enterobacteria but chemically different.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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