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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 May;98(19):e15536. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000015536.

Chinese Patent medicine to treat a 32-year-old man with sinus bradycardia and cardiac sinus arrests: A case report.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine.
2
Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine.
3
Department of Medicine.
4
Department of Oncology, Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Sinus bradycardia refers to a sinus heart rate <60 bpm. Cardiac sinus arrests refer to the omission of atrial activation caused by transient cessation of impulse generation at the sinoatrial node. Normally, drugs such as atropine, isoproterenol, dopamine, dobutamine, or epinephrine can be used for the acute treatment of bradycardia. Temporary pacing is used for treating severe symptomatic bradycardia due to a reversible cause. Permanent cardiac pacing is used for chronic therapy of bradycardia. However, for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), benefiting qi and nourishing yin and activating blood circulation is the general principle in treatment and show remarkable curative effects.

PATIENT CONCERNS:

A 32-year-old man was found to have 1-degree atrioventricular block and sinus bradycardia during a physical examination. He reported suffering from palpitation and shortness of breath occasionally. An ambulatory electrocardiogram showed sinus arrhythmia, sinus bradycardia, and significant sinus arrhythmia. The minimum heart rate was 33 bpm (beats per minute). The number of sinus arrest was 42 and the maximum RR interval was 2216 ms.

DIAGNOSES:

The patient was diagnosed with bradyarrhythmia in Western medicine and "palpitation" in TCM.

INTERVENTIONS:

The patient was treated with methods of benefiting qi and nourishing yin and activating blood circulation along with warming yan for nearly 5 months. CPM (Chinese patent medicine) such as Yixinshu capsule, Bingdouling oral liquid, Zhenyuan capsule, Zhibaidihuang pills were used for treatment. At the same time, he was suggested to change his lifestyles including falling asleep before 10:00 PM and abandoning spicy diets.

OUTCOMES:

The symptoms of palpitation and shortness of breath disappeared. The minimum heart rate increased from 33 to 42 bpm and sinus arrests did not occur. The maximum RR interval decreased from 2216 to 1650 ms and the remarkable sinus arrhythmia had improved obviously.

LESSONS:

This case report shows that TCM can be an effective alternative therapy for sinus bradycardia and cardiac sinus arrests. CPM may have been a successful intervention in arrhythmias.

PMID:
31083205
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000015536
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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