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Neuron. 2019 Jun 19;102(6):1127-1142.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2019.04.013. Epub 2019 May 9.

Mitochondrial Dysfunction Leads to Cortical Under-Connectivity and Cognitive Impairment.

Author information

1
GW Institute for Neuroscience, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA; Department of Anatomy and Regenerative Biology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA; GW Institute for Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA.
2
GW Institute for Neuroscience, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA; Department of Anatomy and Regenerative Biology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA.
3
Department of Psychology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA.
4
GW Institute for Neuroscience, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA.
5
GW Institute for Neuroscience, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA; Department of Psychology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA.
6
GW Institute for Neuroscience, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA; Department of Anatomy and Regenerative Biology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA. Electronic address: lamantia@gwu.edu.

Abstract

Under-connectivity between cerebral cortical association areas may underlie cognitive deficits in neurodevelopmental disorders, including the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS). Using the LgDel 22q11DS mouse model, we assessed cellular, molecular, and developmental origins of under-connectivity and its consequences for cognitive function. Diminished 22q11 gene dosage reduces long-distance projections, limits axon and dendrite growth, and disrupts mitochondrial and synaptic integrity in layer 2/3 but not 5/6 projection neurons (PNs). Diminished dosage of Txnrd2, a 22q11 gene essential for reactive oxygen species catabolism in brain mitochondria, recapitulates these deficits in WT layer 2/3 PNs; Txnrd2 re-expression in LgDel layer 2/3 PNs rescues them. Anti-oxidants reverse LgDel- or Txnrd2-related layer 2/3 mitochondrial, circuit, and cognitive deficits. Accordingly, Txnrd2-mediated oxidative stress reduces layer 2/3 connectivity and impairs cognition in the context of 22q11 deletion. Anti-oxidant restoration of mitochondrial integrity, cortical connectivity, and cognitive behavior defines oxidative stress as a therapeutic target in neurodevelopmental disorders.

KEYWORDS:

autism spectrum disorders; cortical projection neurons; mitochondria; neurodevelopmental disorders; reactive oxygen species; schizophrenia; under-connectivity

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