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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Jul;26(19):19632-19645. doi: 10.1007/s11356-019-05313-9. Epub 2019 May 11.

Agricultural and domestic pesticides in house dust from different agricultural areas in France.

Author information

1
Department of Cancer and Environment, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France. remi.beranger@univ-rennes1.fr.
2
Section of Environment and Radiation, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France. remi.beranger@univ-rennes1.fr.
3
Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Lyon, France. remi.beranger@univ-rennes1.fr.
4
Rovaltain Research Company, Valence, France.
5
Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire des Environnements Continentaux (LIEC), Université de Lorraine, CNRS UMR, 7360, Metz, France.
6
Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.
7
Principal, JRN Environmental Health Sciences, Ltd, Bethesda, North, MD, USA.
8
Department of Cancer and Environment, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France.
9
Institut de Chimie et Procédés pour l'Energie, l'Environnement et la Santé (ICPEES, UMR 7515 CNRS), University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.
10
Section of Environment and Radiation, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France.
11
Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Lyon, France.
12
INSERM U1052, CNRS 5286, Centre Léon Bérard, Centre de Recherche en Cancérologie de Lyon, Cedex 08, F-69008, Lyon, France.

Abstract

Pesticides have been associated with various pathologies, and there is growing evidence of pesticide presence in domestic environments. However, most available studies focused on a limited number of pesticides or households, and few have been conducted in Europe. We aimed to assess indoor pesticide contamination by screening the prevalence of 276 pesticides and ten pesticide metabolites, in French households from different agricultural and urban areas. We sampled indoor dust from 239 households in 2012, proximate to orchards (n = 69), cereals (n = 66) and vineyard (n = 68) crops, or from urban area (n = 36). we used cellulose wipes moistened with isopropanol and polypropylene dust traps to collect recent (7 and 30 days, respectively) and settled dust (> 6 months). Overall, 125 pesticides and piperonyl butoxide were detected at least once in households, mostly at low prevalence: 97 in recent dust, and 111 in settled dust. In recent dust, the most prevalent compounds were o-phenylphenol (168 households, 70%), pentachlorophenol (86, 36%), and piperonyl butoxide (82, 34%). In addition to agricultural pesticides, we found a high proportion of domestic and banned compounds in recent and settled house dust. Several pesticides were identified in house dust, from different pesticide groups and sources. Our results suggest that domestic usage and persistence of banned pesticides may contribute substantially to indoor pesticide contamination. Graphical abstract 97 pesticides detected in households' recent indoor dust.

KEYWORDS:

Agriculture; Airborne contamination; Dust; Gardening; Pesticides

PMID:
31079297
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-019-05313-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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