Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Affect Disord. 2019 Apr 30;253:303-307. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.102. [Epub ahead of print]

Maternal depression symptoms and use of child health-care services at The Pelotas 2004 Birth Cohort.

Author information

1
Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Marechal Deodoro, 1160 Bairro Centro, Pelotas, RS 96020-220, Brazil. Electronic address: gavizon7@hotmail.com.
2
Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Marechal Deodoro, 1160 Bairro Centro, Pelotas, RS 96020-220, Brazil.
3
Preventive Medicine Departament, Faculty of Medicine FMUSP, São Paulo University, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the influence of maternal depression on child health-care services utilization.

METHODOLOGY:

Data from The Pelotas 2004 Birth Cohort collected at birth and at 12- and 24-month follow-ups were used. Four outcomes occurring in the second year of life were investigated: number of well-baby visits, number of medical appointments, number of visits to emergency rooms, and number of hospitalizations. The main exposure was maternal depression symptoms at 12-month post-partum as assessed by the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS). Adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated by Poisson regression.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of mothers with depressive symptoms was 27.6% (95% CI: 26.2-29.0%). These mothers showed a 10% lower probability of taking their children to well-baby visits (0.90; 0.85-0.95; p = 0.001); 16% higher probability to seek medical consultations (1.16; 1.09-1.25, p = 0.001); and they sought emergency services for their children more often (1.30; 1.17-1.45, p < 0.001) as compared to mothers who did not present depressive symptoms. Although the PR for hospitalizations was 26% higher for children from mothers with depressive symptoms, the association did not achieve statistical significance (1.26; 0.98-1.63; p = 0.072).

CONCLUSION:

Children from mothers with depressive symptoms attend fewer number of preventive consultations. In contrast, they are taken to medical and emergency care more often, suggesting that these children are given healthcare when they are at more advanced stages of their illnesses.

KEYWORDS:

Child health services; Hospitalization; Maternal depression; Preventive care

PMID:
31078828
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.102

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center