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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2019 Oct;144(4):972-983.e14. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2019.04.023. Epub 2019 May 9.

Nitrosative stress in patients with asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap.

Author information

1
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
2
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan. Electronic address: sugiura@rm.med.tohoku.ac.jp.
3
Department of Environmental Medicine and Molecular Toxicology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap (ACO) has frequent exacerbations and a poor quality of life and prognosis compared with those of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease alone. However, the pathogenesis of ACO has not been fully elucidated yet.

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to investigate nitrosative stress, which causes a redox imbalance and tissue inflammation in the airways of patients with ACO, and to evaluate the relationship between nitrosative stress and the clinical course in study subjects.

METHODS:

Thirty healthy subjects and 56 asthmatic patients participated in this study. The asthmatic patients were divided into 33 asthmatic patients and 23 patients with ACO. The study subjects had been followed prospectively for 2 years to evaluate the clinical course. Nitrosative stress was evaluated based on the production of 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) in sputum cells.

RESULTS:

Production of 3-NT was significantly enhanced in patients with ACO compared with that in asthmatic patients. Amounts of reactive persulfides and polysulfides, newly identified powerful antioxidants, were significantly decreased in the ACO group. Baseline levels of 3-NT were significantly correlated with the frequency of exacerbations and decrease in FEV1 adjusted by age, smoking history, and blood eosinophil count. The 3-NT-positive cells were also significantly correlated with amounts of proinflammatory chemokines and cytokines.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggested that greater nitrosative stress occurred in the airways of patients with ACO, and the degree of nitrosative stress was correlated with an impairment in the clinical course. Nitrosative stress might be related to the pathogenesis of ACO.

KEYWORDS:

3-nitrotyrosine; Nitrosative stress; cystathionine β-synthase; cystathionine γ-lyase; reactive persulfides and polysulfides

PMID:
31077687
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaci.2019.04.023

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