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Neuro Oncol. 2019 May 11. pii: noz084. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/noz084. [Epub ahead of print]

Proteomic analysis of meningiomas reveals clinically-distinct molecular patterns.

Author information

1
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, MacFeeters Hamilton Centre for Neuro-Oncology Research, Toronto, ON, Canada.
2
Laboratory Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
3
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Meningiomas represent one of the most common brain tumors and exhibit a clinically heterogenous behaviour, sometimes difficult to predict with classic histopathologic features. While emerging molecular profiling efforts have linked specific genomic drivers to distinct clinical patterns, the proteomic landscape of meningiomas remains largely unexplored.

METHODS:

We utilize liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry using an Orbitrap mass analyzer to quantify global protein abundances of a clinically well-annotated formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) cohort (n=61) of meningiomas spanning all World Health Organization (WHO) grades and various degrees of clinical aggressiveness.

RESULTS:

In total, we quantify 3042 unique proteins comparing patterns across different clinical parameters. Unsupervised clustering analysis highlighted distinct proteomic (n=106 proteins, Welch's t-test, p<0.01) and pathway-level (e.g. Notch and PI3K/AKT/mTOR) differences between convexity and skull base meningiomas. Supervised comparative analyses of different pathological grades revealed distinct patterns between benign (Grade I) and atypical/malignant (Grade II/III) meningiomas with specific oncogenes enriched in higher grade lesions. Independent of WHO grade, clinically aggressive meningiomas, that rapidly recurred (<3 years), had distinctive protein patterns converging on mRNA processing and impaired activation of the matrisome complex. Larger sized meningiomas (>3cm maximum tumor diameter) and those with previous radiation exposure, revealed perturbed pro-proliferative (e.g. EGFR) and metabolic as well as inflammatory response pathways (mitochondrial activity, interferon) respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our proteomic study demonstrates that meningiomas of different grades and clinical parameters present distinct proteomic profiles. These proteomic variations offer potential future utility in helping better predict patient outcome and in nominating novel therapeutic targets for personalized care.

KEYWORDS:

Proteome-wide analysis; mass spectrometry; meningiomas; neuro-oncology; stratification

PMID:
31077268
DOI:
10.1093/neuonc/noz084

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