Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Transl Med. 2019 May 10;17(1):151. doi: 10.1186/s12967-019-1900-9.

Apolipoprotein A5 alleviates LPS/D-GalN-induced fulminant liver failure in mice by inhibiting TLR4-mediated NF-κB pathway.

Tao YC1,2, Wang ML1,2, Wu DB1,2, Luo C1,2, Tang H1,2, Chen EQ3,4.

Author information

1
Center of Infectious Diseases, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, No. 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Wuhou District, Chengdu, 610041, China.
2
Division of Infectious Diseases, National Key Laboratory of Biotherapy (Sichuan University), West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.
3
Center of Infectious Diseases, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, No. 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Wuhou District, Chengdu, 610041, China. chenenqiang1983@hotmail.com.
4
Division of Infectious Diseases, National Key Laboratory of Biotherapy (Sichuan University), West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China. chenenqiang1983@hotmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Fulminant liver failure (FHF) is a serious clinical problem and liver transplantation is the major intervention. But the overall survival rate of FHF is low owing to the donated organ shortage. Apolipoprotein A-V (ApoA5) is a regulator of triglyceride metabolism and has been reported to act as a predictor for remnant liver growth after preoperative portal vein embolization and liver surgery. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect of ApoA5 on lipopolysaccharide/D-galactosamine (LPS/D-GalN)-induced fulminant liver failure in mice.

METHODS:

FHF mouse model was established using LPS/D-GalN and ApoA5 plasmid was injected by tail vein prior to LPS/D-GalN treatment. The expressions of ApoA5, toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NF-κBp65) were assessed by real-time PCR and western blotting. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels were measured using automatic biochemical analyzer. Histological assessment and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining were conducted. Survival rate after LPS/D-GalN administration was also determined with Kaplan-Meier curve. Meanwhile, the expression of ApoA5 in injured huh7 cells was tested. Cell apoptosis analysis was performed after huh7 cells were transfected with ApoA5 plasmid and stimulated with LPS.

RESULTS:

The expressions of ApoA5 decreased both in injured huh7 cells and FHF mice. ApoA5 overexpression reduced cell death rate using flow cytometry. ApoA5 not only decreased the serum ALT and TNF-α levels but also attenuated hepatic damage in hematoxylin-eosin (HE)-stained liver section. The protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κBp65 were inhibited when ApoA5 overexpressed. But the inhibitory effect would weaken with the increasing concentration of LPS in spite of ApoA5 overexpression. Besides, ApoA5 improved liver injury in a dose-dependent manner and the survival rate in FHF mice increased with increasing concentration of ApoA5.

CONCLUSION:

ApoA5 had a protective effect against LPS/D-GalN-induced fulminant liver failure in mice within a certain range by inhibiting TLR4-mediated NF-κB pathway.

KEYWORDS:

Apolipoprotein A-V; Endotoxemia; Fulminant liver failure; Lipopolysaccharide; TLR4

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center