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Arch Virol. 2019 Jul;164(7):1771-1780. doi: 10.1007/s00705-019-04276-z. Epub 2019 May 10.

A comparative phylogenomic analysis of avian avulavirus 1 isolated from non-avian hosts: conquering new frontiers of zoonotic potential among species.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, 54600, Pakistan. drazizangel@gmail.com.
2
Quality Operations Laboratory, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, 54600, Pakistan. drazizangel@gmail.com.
3
Quality Operations Laboratory, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, 54600, Pakistan.

Abstract

A number of avian avulavirus 1 (AAvV 1) isolates have been reported from avian and non-avian hosts worldwide with varying clinical consequences. In this regard, robust surveillance coupled with advanced diagnostics, genomic analysis, and disease modelling has provided insight into the molecular epidemiology and evolution of this virus. The genomic and evolutionary characteristics of AAvV 1 isolates originating from avian hosts have been well studied, but those originating from non-avian hosts have not. Here, we report a comparative genomic and evolutionary analysis of so-far reported AAvV 1 isolates originating from hosts other than avian species (humans, mink and swine). Phylogenetic analysis showed that AAvV 1 isolates clustered in five distinct genotypes (I, II, VI, VII and XIII). Further analysis revealed clustering of isolates into clades distant enough to be considered distinct subgenotypes, along with a few substitutions in several significant motifs. Although further investigation is needed, the clustering of AAvV 1 strains isolated from non-avian hosts into novel subgenotypes and the presence of substitutions in important structural and biological motifs suggest that this virus can adapt to novel hosts and therefore could have zoonotic potential.

PMID:
31076910
DOI:
10.1007/s00705-019-04276-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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