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Sci Rep. 2019 May 10;9(1):7204. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-43442-w.

Simultaneous assessment of cell morphology and adhesion using aluminum nanoslit-based plasmonic biosensing chips.

Author information

1
Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan.
2
Institute of Biophotonics, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, 11221, Taiwan.
3
Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan. jycheng@gate.sinica.edu.tw.
4
Institute of Biophotonics, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, 11221, Taiwan. jycheng@gate.sinica.edu.tw.
5
Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, 20224, Taiwan. jycheng@gate.sinica.edu.tw.
6
College of Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, 33302, Taiwan. jycheng@gate.sinica.edu.tw.

Abstract

A variety of physiological and pathological processes rely on cell adhesion, which is most often tracked by changes in cellular morphology. We previously reported a novel gold nanoslit-based biosensor that is capable of real-time and label-free monitoring of cell morphological changes and cell viability. However, the preparation of gold biosensors is inefficient, complicated and costly. Recently, nanostructure-based aluminum (Al) sensors have been introduced for biosensing applications. The Al-based sensor has a longer decay length and is capable of analyzing large-sized mass such as cells. Here, we developed two types of double-layer Al nanoslit-based plasmonic biosensors, which were nanofabricated and used to evaluate the correlation between metastatic potency and adhesion of lung cancer and melanoma cell lines. Cell adhesion was determined by Fano resonance signals that were induced by binding of the cells to the nanoslit. The peak and dip of the Fano resonance spectrum respectively reflected long- and short-range cellular changes, allowing us to simultaneously detect and distinguish between focal adhesion and cell spreading. Also, the Al nanoslit-based biosensor chips were used to evaluate the inhibitory effects of drugs on cancer cell spreading. We are the first to report the use of double layer Al nanoslit-based biosensors for detection of cell behavior, and such devices may become powerful tools for anti-metastasis drug screening in the future.

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