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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1987 May 14;144(3):1147-53.

The actions of interferon and antiinflammatory agents of induction of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase in human peripheral blood monocytes.


Interferon substantially induced indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase and increased L-tryptophan metabolism in human peripheral blood monocytes. The induction of dioxygenase by gamma-interferon was significantly higher than that observed with alpha-interferon. This cytokine-dependent induction of the enzyme was markedly and differentially altered by antiinflammatory drugs (i.e., acetaminophen, 3-deazaadenosine, indomethacin and dexamethasone). Dexamethasone potentiated the effect of gamma-interferon and resulted in "super-induction" of the enzyme. This is the first demonstration of the interferon-elicited induction of the dioxygenase in the cells of the immune system and of a novel mechanism for regulating tryptophan metabolism in the cells.

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