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J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2019 May 9. doi: 10.1007/s13361-019-02206-6. [Epub ahead of print]

Capillary Zone Electrophoresis-Tandem Mass Spectrometry with Activated Ion Electron Transfer Dissociation for Large-scale Top-down Proteomics.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, 578 S Shaw Lane, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.
2
Genome Center of Wisconsin, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.
3
Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.
4
Department of BioHealth Informatics, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, 719 Avenue, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.
5
Center for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, Indiana University School of Medicine, 410 West 10th Street, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.
6
Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.
7
Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, 578 S Shaw Lane, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA. lsun@chemistry.msu.edu.

Abstract

Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE)-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) has been recognized as an efficient approach for top-down proteomics recently for its high-capacity separation and highly sensitive detection of proteoforms. However, the commonly used collision-based dissociation methods often cannot provide extensive fragmentation of proteoforms for thorough characterization. Activated ion electron transfer dissociation (AI-ETD), that combines infrared photoactivation concurrent with ETD, has shown better performance for proteoform fragmentation than higher energy-collisional dissociation (HCD) and standard ETD. Here, we present the first application of CZE-AI-ETD on an Orbitrap Fusion Lumos mass spectrometer for large-scale top-down proteomics of Escherichia coli (E. coli) cells. CZE-AI-ETD outperformed CZE-ETD regarding proteoform and protein identifications (IDs). CZE-AI-ETD reached comparable proteoform and protein IDs with CZE-HCD. CZE-AI-ETD tended to generate better expectation values (E values) of proteoforms than CZE-HCD and CZE-ETD, indicating a higher quality of MS/MS spectra from AI-ETD respecting the number of sequence-informative fragment ions generated. CZE-AI-ETD showed great reproducibility regarding the proteoform and protein IDs with relative standard deviations less than 4% and 2% (nā€‰=ā€‰3). Coupling size exclusion chromatography (SEC) to CZE-AI-ETD identified 3028 proteoforms and 387 proteins from E. coli cells with 1% spectrum level and 5% proteoform-level false discovery rates. The data represents the largest top-down proteomics dataset using the AI-ETD method so far. Single-shot CZE-AI-ETD of one SEC fraction identified 957 proteoforms and 253 proteins. N-terminal truncations, signal peptide cleavage, N-terminal methionine removal, and various post-translational modifications including protein N-terminal acetylation, methylation, S-thiolation, disulfide bonds, and lysine succinylation were detected.

KEYWORDS:

Activated ion electron transfer dissociation; Capillary zone electrophoresis-tandem mass spectrometry; Disulfide bonds; Escherichia coli; Lysine succinylation; S-thiolation; Top-down proteomics

PMID:
31073891
PMCID:
PMC6527361
[Available on 2020-11-09]
DOI:
10.1007/s13361-019-02206-6

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