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Polymers (Basel). 2019 May 8;11(5). pii: E834. doi: 10.3390/polym11050834.

Effect of Bifunctional Montmorillonite on the Thermal and Tribological Properties of Polystyrene/Montmorillonite Nanocomposites.

Author information

1
Nanotechnology Center of Energy Resources, CNPC Nanochemistry Key Laboratory, College of Science, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China. yccycc9999@163.com.
2
Nanotechnology Center of Energy Resources, CNPC Nanochemistry Key Laboratory, College of Science, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China. kyc010@sohu.com.
3
Nanotechnology Center of Energy Resources, CNPC Nanochemistry Key Laboratory, College of Science, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China. xuhu0001@126.com.
4
Nanotechnology Center of Energy Resources, CNPC Nanochemistry Key Laboratory, College of Science, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China. yccycc9999@126.com.
5
Nanotechnology Center of Energy Resources, CNPC Nanochemistry Key Laboratory, College of Science, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China. qingchundeng@163.com.
6
Nanotechnology Center of Energy Resources, CNPC Nanochemistry Key Laboratory, College of Science, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China. shichaolu@yeah.net.

Abstract

In this work, the effect of doubly functionalized montmorillonite (MMT) on the structure, morphology, thermal, and tribological characteristics of the resulting polystyrene (PS) nanocomposites was investigated. The modification of the MMT was performed using a cationic surfactant and an anionic surfactant or a silane coupling agent to increase the compatibility with PS matrix. The polystyrene/organo-montmorillonite (PS/OMMT) nanocomposite particles were prepared by soap-free emulsion polymerization. The OMMT was studied using Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The structural and morphological changes of PS/OMMT nanocomposites were further characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The thermal stability of all the PS/OMMT nanocomposites was higher than that of the pure PS. The anti-wear properties of the polyalphaolefin (PAO) were significantly improved due to the introduction of the PS/OMMT nanocomposite particles. The nanocomposites prepared by a cationic surfactant and a silane coupling agent exhibited the best thermal stability and tribological performance. Our results provide the valuable insights needed to guide the design of lubrication and friction reducing materials.

KEYWORDS:

doubly functionalized montmorillonite; polystyrene; soap-free emulsion polymerization; thermal stability; tribological property

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