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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019 May 29;11(21):19006-19016. doi: 10.1021/acsami.9b06365. Epub 2019 May 16.

Application of Virus Targeting Nanocarrier Drug Delivery System in Virus-Induced Central Nervous System Disease Treatment.

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College of Animal Science and Technology , Northwest A&F University , Yangling 712100 , China.


Virus-induced central nervous system (CNS) diseases represent a significant burden to animal health worldwide. The difficulty in treating these diseases is mainly attributable to the elaborate barrier system, which limits the transport of drugs to the infected sites. Therefore, it is necessary to develop smart delivery technologies for treatment of these diseases. In the study, viral nervous necrosis disease was studied as a model to evaluate the feasibility of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) conjugated with virus-specific nanobody and antiviral drug for targeted therapy of virus-induced CNS diseases. The virus (named as PGNNV) was isolated, identified and purified from diseased grouper. A naïve phage-displayed alpaca nanobody library was constructed, and the purified PGNNV was used for biopanning of PGNNV-specific nanobody from the library. The targeted delivery system based on MWCNTs conjugated with polyethylenimine, ribavirin, and PGNNV-specific nanobody was constructed and designated as MWCNTs-PEI-R-Nb. Targeting ability and treatment effects of the MWCNTs-PEI-R-Nb were checked both in vitro and in vivo. MWCNTs-PEI-R-Nb showed an increasing distribution in PGNNV-infected cells, and an obvious accumulation in the brain of PGNNV-infected zebrafish larvae. MWCNTs-PEI-R-Nb also showed a strong anti-PGNNV ability both in vitro and in vivo. The mortality of larvae treated with MWCNTs-PEI-R-Nb (equivalent to 100 mg/L ribavirin) was 27% during 10 days post infection, whereas it was 100% for the control group. The results so far indicate that MWCNTs conjugated with antiviral drugs and viral-specific antibody are effective means for virus-induced CNS disease targeted therapy.


carbon nanotubes; nanobody; nervous necrosis virus; phage-displayed alpaca VHH library; targeted therapy; virus-induced central nervous system diseases


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