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Rev Cardiovasc Med. 2018 Dec 30;19(4):123-127. doi: 10.31083/j.rcm.2018.04.3187.

The Cardiovascular effects of chocolate.

Author information

1
Florida Atlantic University Medical School, Boca Raton, Florida. 33431.
2
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. 21218.
3
Department of Internal Medicine. Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, Florida. 33140.
4
Department of Anesthesiology. Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, Florida. 33140.

Abstract

The antioxidants as polyphenols, especially flavanols present in cocoa, exert a favorable effect on endothelium vasodilation, modulate inflammatory markers, and decrease platelet aggregation, lipid oxidation and insulin resistance. Recent nutritional intervention trials and molecular studies demonstrate that consumption of cocoa, particularly rich in flavanols, is beneficial to promote cardiovascular health. This review describes the cardiovascular effects of chocolate.

KEYWORDS:

Chocolate; cardiovascular; flavanols; nitric oxide

PMID:
31064163
DOI:
10.31083/j.rcm.2018.04.3187
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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