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J Infect Dis. 2019 Aug 9;220(6):1001-1007. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiz237.

Human Herpesvirus 6 Reactivation Evaluated by Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction and Its Association With Dynamics of CD134-Positive T Cells After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

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Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Center for Transfusion Medicine and Cell Therapy, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.



Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) causes life-threatening central nervous system disorders after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Recent studies implicated CD134 as a specific receptor of HHV-6B and demonstrated that its expression levels in CD4-positive T cells after allo-HSCT could be related to the reactivation of HHV-6. We prospectively evaluated the relationship between HHV-6 reactivation and CD134+ T cells in the recipients of allo-HSCT.


HHV-6 viral load in plasma was quantitatively measured weekly after allo-HSCT by digital polymerase chain reaction in 34 patients. The ratio of CD134 in CD4+ T cells (CD134/CD4 ratio) was serially measured by flow cytometry before and after transplantation.


HHV-6 reactivation was detected in 23 patients (68%). The CD134/CD4 ratio before conditioning was significantly higher in patients with HHV-6 reactivation than in those without (median, 3.8% vs 1.5%, P < .01). In multivariate analysis, a higher CD134/CD4 ratio before conditioning was significantly associated with the incidence of HHV-6 reactivation (odds ratio, 10.5 [95% confidence interval, 1.3-85.1], P = .03).


A higher CD134/CD4 ratio before conditioning was associated with a higher risk of HHV-6 reactivation, suggesting that the rate may be a promising marker for predicting HHV-6 reactivation after allo-HSCT.


CD134; T cells; allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; digital polymerase chain reaction; human herpesvirus 6


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