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J Food Sci. 2019 Jun;84(6):1631-1637. doi: 10.1111/1750-3841.14607. Epub 2019 May 6.

Anti-Diabetic Effects of Gynura Bicolor Aqueous Extract in Mice.

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Division of Cardiology, China Medical Univ. Hospital, China Medical Univ., Taichung City, Taiwan.
Dept. of Food Nutrition and Health Biotechnology, Asia Univ., Taichung City, Taiwan.
Dept. of Cardiovascular Surgery, Asia Univ. Hospital, Taichung City, Taiwan.
Dept. of Medical Research, China Medical Univ. Hospital, China Medical Univ., Taichung City, Taiwan.


The effects of Gynura bicolor aqueous extract (GAE) upon glycemic control, coagulation disorder, lipid accumulation, and glycative, oxidative, and inflammatory stresses in diabetic mice were investigated. Mice were treated with streptozotocin to induce type 1 diabetes. Diabetic mice were divided into four groups, consumed GAE at 0%, 0.25%, 0.5%, or 1%. Normal group consumed standard mouse basal diet. After 8-week treatments, mice were sacrificed after overnight fasting. Results showed that GAE supplement at 0.5% and 1% decreased plasma glucose level and increased plasma insulin level. Diabetes lowered plasma level of protein C and anti-thrombin III; and raised plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 activity and fibrinogen level in plasma. GAE supplement at 0.5% and 1% reversed these alterations. Histological data, assayed by Oil Red O stain, indicated that GAE supplement decreased lipid accumulation in liver. GAE supplement at 0.5% and 1% reduced aldose reductase activity in heart and kidney; and lowered the levels of carboxymethyllysine and pentosidine in plasma and two organs. Diabetes decreased glutathione content, and increased reactive oxygen species, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α production in heart and kidney. GAE supplement at three test doses reversed these changes. Diabetes upregulated the mRNA expression of p38 and nuclear factor kappa (NF-κ)B in heart and kidney. GAE supplement suppressed the mRNA expression of both p38 and NF-κB. These novel findings suggest that Gynura bicolor is a potent functional food for diabetic prevention or alleviation.


Coagulation; Gynura bicolor; diabetes; glycation; lipid accumulation

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