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Ginekol Pol. 2019;90(4):223-227. doi: 10.5603/GP.2019.0040.

Semaphorin 3A (SEMA3A), protocadherin 9 (PCdh9), and S100 calcium binding protein A3 (S100A3) as potential biomarkers of carcinogenesis and chemoresistance of different neoplasms, including ovarian cancer - review of literature.

Author information

1
Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland. natka36@wp.pl.
2
Department of Histology and Embryology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
3
Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Abstract

Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women. Its high mortality rate results from lack of adequate and sensitive methods allowing for the detection of the early stages of the disease, as well as low efficiency of the treatment, caused by the cytotoxic drug resistance of cancer cells. Unfortunately, tumours are able to develop new pathways and protective mechanisms that allow them to survive toxic conditions of chemotherapy. Therefore, intensive search for new genes and proteins involved in resistance to cytotoxic drugs is still needed, especially from a clinical point of view. The article presents an overview of the available literature on the role of semaphorin 3A (SEMA3A), protocadherin 9 (PCDH9), and S100 calcium binding protein A3 (S100A3) in carcinogenesis and chemoresistance of various tumors including ovarian cancer. As it turns out, the role of described genes/proteins is not limited only to their native biological activity but they function also as an oncogenic or suppressor factors in the tumor development. Moreover, they can also play an important role in development of drug resistance, as it was shown in ovarian cancer cell lines.

KEYWORDS:

S100 calcium binding protein A3 (S100A3); carcinogenesis; chemotherapy; drug resistance; ovarian cancer; protocadherin 9 (PCDH9); semaphorin 3A (SEMA3A)

PMID:
31059116
DOI:
10.5603/GP.2019.0040
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