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Physiol Plant. 2019 May 6. doi: 10.1111/ppl.12979. [Epub ahead of print]

Mutation in EMB1923 gene promoter is associated with chlorophyll deficiency in Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris ssp. pekinensis).

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Department of Horticulture, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, China.


Leaf color mutants are widespread in higher plants and can be used as markers in crop breeding or as important material in understanding the regulatory mechanisms of chlorophyll biosynthesis and chloroplast development. A stably inherited plant etiolated mutation (pem) was obtained from its wild-type 'FT' (a doubled haploid line of the Chinese cabbage variety 'Fukuda 50') by combining 60 Co-γ radiation and isolated microspore culture in Chinese cabbage. Compared to the wild-type 'FT', the chlorophyll content in the pem mutant was decreased, the photosynthetic capacity was reduced and the chloroplast development was retarded. These physiological changes may lead to a reduction in growth and yield in the pem mutant line. Genetic analysis showed that the mutant phenotype was controlled by the single recessive nuclear pem gene. The pem gene was mapped to a 25.88 kb region on the A03 chromosome. Cloning and sequencing results showed that there was only one DNA sequence variation in this region, which was a 30 bp deletion on the promoter of Bra024218. Its homologous gene encodes EMBRYO DEFECTIVE 1923 (EMB1923) in Arabidopsis thaliana. We therefore predicted that Bra024218 was the mutated gene associated with etiolated leaves in Chinese cabbage. The pem mutant is a useful line for researching chloroplast development and the mechanism of leaf color mutation in Chinese cabbage.


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