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Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2019 May-Jun;24(3):172-178. doi: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_115_18.

The Iranian Psychiatric Nurses' Perception of Transition in Psychiatric Wards: A Qualitative Study.

Author information

Nursing Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran.
Nursing Department, Medical Sciences Faculty, University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.



Transition means moving from one period to another and it is usually associated with significant changes in objectives, roles, and responsibilities. Considering the challenges of the psychiatric ward, psychiatric nurses experience numerous problems, especially at the early stages of their job engagement. This study aimed to examine the perception of the Iranian psychiatric nurses in psychiatric wards and their transition period.

Materials and Methods:

The study was designed as a qualitative content analysis study in three referral hospitals in Mazandaran and Tehran, Iran 2016. Participants included 18 nurses who had experienced transition at the psychiatric ward and had at least 3 months job experience in three referral hospitals of Iran and were selected purposefully. Data were collected using unstructured interviews and analyzed using the inductive approach and conventional content analysis. To ensure the trustworthiness of the data, Guba and Lincoln's criteria were used.


The major themes of transition among the nurses of psychiatric wards included "inadequate preparation," "mental stress," "self-awareness and capabilities," and "the effective role of nurses' full support in adjustment."


The findings revealed that nurses did not have a decent transition. In this regard, educational systems must provide training courses to prepare nurses to support them in their arrival stage and to facilitate their transition. The findings of this study can help mentally prepare nurses for their preparation to perform their role and improve the quality of care.


Iran; phase transition; psychiatric nursing; qualitative research

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