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Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2019 Apr 25;44(4):297-301. doi: 10.13702/j.1000-0607.170817.

[Clinical trial of treatment of frozen shoulder by intensive moxibustion plus acupuncture].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China; Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200437.
2
School of Acupuncture-moxibustion and Tuina, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450008; The Third Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450008.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the clinical therapeutic effect of intensive moxibustion plus acupuncture and simple acupuncture therapy in the treatment of frozen shoulder so as to provide a reference for clinical practice.

METHODS:

A total of 60 patients with frozen shoulder were randomly divided into intensive moxibustion plus acupuncture group and simple acupuncture group (n=30 per group). Acupoints Jianyu (LI15), Jianzhen (SI9), Jianliao (TE14), Tiaokou (ST38), Chengshan (BL57) and Ashi points (Extra) were punctured with filiform needles which were manipulated till the patients experienced feelings of soreness and distension in the local region, followed by retaining the needles for 40 min. For patients of the moxibustion plus acupuncture group, after acupuncture, an ignited moxa-stick segment was applied to the affected shoulder for 40-50 min. After the treatment, all patients were ordered to make a shoulder exercise (anteflexion, rear protraction, abduction and upthrow movements, etc.). The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to assess the pain severity, and the Constant-Murley shoulder assessment scale (the total score is 100 points, including 15 points in pain severity and 20 points in daily living activities, 40 points in joint motion range, and 25 points in myodynamia) used to assess the functional state of the shoulder, and the "Standards for Diagnosis and Therapeutic Effect Evaluation of Diseases of Traditional Chinese Medicine"(1994) were employed to evaluate the therapeutic effect.

RESULTS:

Following the treatment, intra-group comparison showed that the VAS score was significantly reduced in both groups in comparison with their own pre-treatment (P<0.05), and the total scores of Constant-Murley scale, the scores of activities of daily living and active motion range, as well as the scores of pain integration and myodynamia, were all considerably increased in the two groups in comparison with their own pre-treatment (all P<0.05). The therapeutic effect of the moxibustion plus acupuncture was significantly superior to that of the simple acupuncture in reducing VAS score and increasing total score of Constant-Murley scale, and scores of activities of daily living and active motion range, as well as the scores of pain integration (P<0.05). Of the two 29 cases in the moxibustion plus acupuncture and simple acupuncture groups, 19 (65.52%) and 10 (34.48%) were cured, 8 (27.58%) and 12 (41.38%) experienced improvement, 2 (6.90%) and 7 (24.14%) were failed, with the effective rate being 93.10% and 75.86%, respectively. The therapeutic effective rate of the moxibustion plus acupuncture was evidently higher than that of the simple acupuncture (P<0.05)..

CONCLUSION:

The therapeutic effect of intensive moxibustion plus acupuncture is superior to that of simple acupuncture in improving symptoms of frozen shoulder in patients.

KEYWORDS:

Clinical trials; Frozen shoulder; Intensive moxibustion plus acupuncture; Simple acupuncture

PMID:
31056885
DOI:
10.13702/j.1000-0607.170817
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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