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An Pediatr (Barc). 2019 May;90(5):280-284. doi: 10.1016/j.anpedi.2018.05.016. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

[Erythrovirus B19 infections. Six years of follow-up in adults and children].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Microbiología, Corporació Sanitària, Hospital Universitari Parc Taulí, Sabadell, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: nataliaclaver@gmail.com.
2
Laboratorio de Microbiología, Corporació Sanitària, Hospital Universitari Parc Taulí, Sabadell, Barcelona, España.
3
Servicio de Pediatría, Corporació Sanitària, Hospital Universitari Parc Taulí, Sabadell, Barcelona, España.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The aetiological agent of erythema infectiosum is Erythrovirus B19 (also known as parvovirus B19), frequently found in children and adolescents, but also associated with arthropathy, aplastic crisis, and abortion in adults.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A retrospective study of Erythrovirus B19 cases in the years 2010-2015.

RESULTS:

Of the 56 cases of Erythrovirus B19 diagnosed, 34 were adults (32 women and 2 men) and 22 younger than 18 years (12 girls and 10 boys). Six cases were in pregnant women. Infections mainly occurred between spring and summer. In childhood, fever (64%), rash (50%), and anaemia (55%) were the most frequent symptoms. However, arthralgia (59%) was the most frequent symptom in adults, and less frequent were anaemia (41%), fever (32%), and rash (29%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The characteristic clinical presentation in childhood was rash and fever, whereas in adults it was arthralgia. Anaemia is also frequent, but only severe in previous haematological disease. It should be pointed out that Erythrovirus B19 infection during pregnancy could severely affect the foetus.

KEYWORDS:

B19; Epidemiology; Epidemiología; Erythrovirus; Parvovirus

PMID:
31056091
DOI:
10.1016/j.anpedi.2018.05.016
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