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Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2019 May 2;374:77-85. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2019.04.025. [Epub ahead of print]

The interaction of Hemin and Sestrin2 modulates oxidative stress and colon tumor growth.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, United States of America.
2
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, United States of America. Electronic address: xxue@salud.unm.edu.

Abstract

Several large epidemiological and animal studies demonstrate a direct correlation between dietary heme iron intake and/or systemic iron levels and cancer risk in several cancers including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the precise mechanisms for how heme iron contributes to CRC and how cancer cells respond to heme iron-induced stress are still unclear. Previously we have shown that one of the stress-inducible proteins, Sestrin2 (SESN2), is a novel tumor suppressor in colon by limiting endoplasmic reticulum stress and mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling and tumor growth. But the relationship between heme iron and SESN2, especially in the context of colon carcinogenesis, was not investigated previously. Here, we found that hemin dose-dependently increased SESN2 expression in an oxidative stress and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NFE2L2, NRF2)-dependent manner. Since SESN2 overexpression reduced hemin-induced oxidative stress, SESN2 could be an important target of NRF2 exerting antioxidant function. Indeed, expression of several oxidative stress responsive proteins such as NRF2 and its target genes was reduced by SESN2. Although we formerly reported that SESN2 expression was reduced after p53 mutation in colon tumors, mouse colon tumors, which have intact p53 and NRF2, induced SESN2 expression in response to iron stimulus. Although SESN2 overexpression decreased murine colon tumor cell growth both in vitro and in vivo, it rendered colon cancer cells more resistant to hemin-induced apoptosis and therefore promoted tumor growth during hemin treatment. Taken together, although SESN2 generally suppresses tumorigenesis, it can produce tumor-promoting role in iron-rich environment by suppressing oxidative stress-associated cancer cell death.

KEYWORDS:

Colorectal cancer; Hemin; Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2; Oxidative stress; Sestrin2

PMID:
31054940
DOI:
10.1016/j.taap.2019.04.025

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