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Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2019 May;155(5):642-649. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2018.05.026.

Effect of systemic delivery of Substance P on experimental tooth movement in rats.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Department of Orthodontics, West China School of Stomatology, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Orthodontics, Hospital of Stomatology Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, People's Republic of China.
3
Nantong Stomatological Hospital, Nantong, People's Republic of China.
4
Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Harvard University, Boston, Mass.
5
State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Department of Orthodontics, West China School of Stomatology, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: wangjunv@scu.edu.cn.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of systemic delivery of Substance P (SP) on experimental tooth movement.

METHODS:

Forty-eight adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 groups and their maxillary first molars were mesially moved with the use of closed-coil springs. The experiment group received systemic injection of SP and the control group received phosphate-buffered saline solution. Transportation distances of first molars were measured. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining, and immunohistochemistry staining were performed to evaluate alveolar bone remodeling. Then the interferon (IFN) γ and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α concentrations in peripheral blood and local periodontal tissue were measured. Finally, the effects of SP on bone marrow-derived stem cell (BMSC) proliferation and migration were tested in vitro.

RESULTS:

Systemic delivery of SP significantly increased the distance of tooth movement and stimulated both osteoclast and osteoblast activities. The concentrations of IFN-γ and TNF-α increased in peripheral blood at early phases of the experiment and decreased in periodontal tissue at late phases. In vitro, the proliferation and migration of BMSCs were promoted by SP.

CONCLUSIONS:

Systemic delivery of SP can accelerate orthodontic tooth movement and promote alveolar bone remodeling potentially through immunomodulation and mobilizing endogenous mesenchymal stem cells.

PMID:
31053279
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajodo.2018.05.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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