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Acta Paediatr Scand. 1987 Jan;76(1):119-23.

Effects of regular inhalation of beclomethasone dipropionate and sodium cromoglycate on bronchial hyperreactivity in asthmatic children.

Abstract

The efficacy of beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) was compared with sodium cromoglycate (SCG) and placebo in a double-blind parallel group study of 30 asthmatic children over a two-month period. All the three treatment groups received salbutamol concomitantly. Lung volumes, airway mechanics and the nonspecific bronchial hyperreactivity to carbachol were measured at the beginning and the end of the study. Two patients were excluded because of unequal clinical conditions at the entry and the end of the study and three because of lack of co-operation. Three patients (1 on SCG, 2 on placebo) dropped out because of worsening clinical symptoms. The improvement in airway mechanics shown by the group treated with BDP (n = 7) was significantly greater (p less than 0.01) than in the group treated with SCG (n = 8). Nonspecific hyperreactivity to carbachol improved significantly in the BDP group (factor 5.9) compared to the SCG group (factor 1.9). Childhood asthma seems to be better controlled by a combination of BDP and salbutamol, than by SCG and salbutamol.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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