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Methods. 2019 Apr 30. pii: S1046-2023(18)30435-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2019.04.020. [Epub ahead of print]

Decellularized biological scaffold and stem cells from autologous human adipose tissue for cartilage tissue engineering.

Author information

1
Tissue Engineering, Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Ankara University Faculty of Science, and Ankara University Stem Cell Institute, Ankara, Turkey.
2
Tissue Engineering, Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Ankara University Faculty of Science, and Ankara University Stem Cell Institute, Ankara, Turkey; Biovalda Health Technologies, Inc., Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: elcin@ankara.edu.tr.

Abstract

Here, the in vitro engineering of a cartilage-like tissue by using decellularized extracellular matrix scaffold (hECM) seeded with human adipose stem cells (hASCs) which can both be isolated from the human waste adipose tissue is described. Cell-free, highly fibrous and porous hECM was produced using a protocol containing physical (homogenization, centrifugation, molding) and chemical (crosslinking) treatments, characterized by SEM, histochemistry, immunohistochemistry and in vitro cell interaction study. A construct of hECM seeded with hASCs was cultured in chondrogenic medium (with TGF-β3 and BMP-6) for 42 days. SEM and histology showed that the biological scaffold was highly porous and had a compact structure suitable for handling and subsequent cell culture stages. Cells successfully integrated into the scaffold and had good cellular viability and continuity to proliferate. Constructs showed the formation of cartilage-like tissue with the synthesis of cartilage-specific proteins, Collagen type II and Aggrecan. Dimethylmethylene blue dye binding assay demonstrated that the GAG content of the constructs was in tendency to increase with time confirming chondrogenic differentiation of hASCs. The results support that human waste adipose tissue is an important source for decellularized hECM as well as stem cells, and adipose hECM scaffold provides a suitable environment for chondrogenic differentiation of hASCs.

KEYWORDS:

Adipose extracellular matrix; Adipose stem cells; Biological scaffold; Cartilage tissue engineering; Decellularization; Personalized medicine

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