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Dev Comp Immunol. 2019 Sep;98:99-107. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2019.04.013. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Molecular characterization of a novel white spot syndrome virus response protein (dubbed LvWRP) from Litopenaeus vannamei.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Shantou University, Shantou, 515063, China.
2
Department of Biology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Shantou University, Shantou, 515063, China. Electronic address: zhangyl@stu.edu.cn.
3
Department of Biology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Shantou University, Shantou, 515063, China. Electronic address: wangfan@stu.edu.cn.

Abstract

White spot syndrome, which is caused by white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), is a highly contagious disease of penaeid shrimp. However, there is currently incomplete understanding of the infection mechanism and pathogenesis of WSSV. In this study, a novel gene of a previously uncharacterized WSSV response protein (LvWRP) in Litopenaeus vannamei was identified and characterized. The LvWRP gene has an open reading frame (ORF) of 879 bp encoding a putative protein of 292 amino acids. Sequence analysis revealed that LvWRP shared 24.9% identity with an uncharacterized protein of Penaeus monodon nudivirus. Real-time qPCR analysis showed that LvWRP was ubiquitously expressed in shrimp tissues, with transcript levels induced in hemocytes upon immune challenge with Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Streptoccocus iniae, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and WSSV. In addition, RNA interference-mediated knockdown of LvWRP followed by WSSV challenge revealed significant decrease in the transcript levels of WSSV IE1 and VP28 genes coupled with a reduction in WSSV copies in shrimp hemocytes. Moreover, depletion of LvWRP followed by WSSV challenge significantly increased the transcript levels of Vago4 and Vago5 as well as increased the phosphorylation of STAT, while hemocytes apoptosis in terms of caspase 3/7 activity was decreased. These results suggest that LvWRP is important for WSSV replication in shrimp, and therefore one of the vital host factors in WSSV infection.

KEYWORDS:

JAK/STAT pathway; Litopenaeus vannamei; WSSV; WSSV response protein

PMID:
31051195
DOI:
10.1016/j.dci.2019.04.013

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