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Prostaglandins. 1986 Dec;32(6):829-45.

Isolation of the cDNA for human prostaglandin H synthase.


Prostaglandin H Synthase (PGHS, cyclooxygenase) is a 67 kd protein which catalyzes the first step in prostaglandin synthesis. The primary amino acid sequence and the molecular mechanisms regulating expression are unknown. We report here isolation of a cDNA clone for the enzyme from human vascular endothelial cells for use in such studies. High titre, polyclonal antiserum against PGHS was developed in rabbits. The antiserum was monospecific, reacted with cyclooxygenase on Western blots at a limiting dilution of 1:500,000 and immunoprecipitated cyclooxygenase synthesized by in vitro translation of PGHS messenger RNA. It was used to screen a lambda gt11 cDNA expression library from human endothelial cells. Three positive clones were isolated. Following plaque purification, one clone reacted strongly with two other polyclonal antisera independently raised against highly purified cyclooxygenase and the aspirin-acetylated enzyme. Western blot analysis confirmed production of a large approximately 180 kd fusion protein of cyclooxygenase and beta-galactosidase. The cDNA insert of approximately 2.2 kilo base pairs was excised and subcloned into plasmid pUC8. A 24 nucleotide DNA probe, synthesized according to the amino acid sequence of the aspirin-acetylation site of cyclooxygenase, hybridized strongly with the 2.2 kbp cDNA insert. It is concluded that the 2.2 kbp cDNA insert represents a cDNA clone for human cyclooxygenase, which also expresses the aspirin-acetylation site. This is the first reported isolation of the cDNA for this enzyme, and will facilitate further studies on the primary sequence and on the regulation of the enzyme at the molecular level.

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