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J Virol Methods. 2019 Apr 29;270:66-69. doi: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2019.04.022. [Epub ahead of print]

Analytical performances of the BD Veritor™ System for the detection of respiratory syncytial virus and influenzaviruses A and B when used at bedside in the pediatric emergency department.

Author information

1
Pediatric Emergency Department, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, France; Laboratory Group on Mucosal Immunity and Pathogens (GIMAP EA3064), Faculty of Medicine of Saint-Etienne, University of Lyon, France.
2
Pediatric Emergency Department, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, France.
3
Laboratory Group on Mucosal Immunity and Pathogens (GIMAP EA3064), Faculty of Medicine of Saint-Etienne, University of Lyon, France; Laboratory of Infectious Agents and Hygiene, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France.
4
Laboratory Group on Mucosal Immunity and Pathogens (GIMAP EA3064), Faculty of Medicine of Saint-Etienne, University of Lyon, France; Laboratory of Infectious Agents and Hygiene, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France. Electronic address: sylvie.pillet@univ-st-etienne.fr.

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the analytical performance of the BD Veritor™ rapid diagnostic assays (RDTs) for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenzaviruses when performed 24/7 at bedside by nurses in the pediatric emergency department (PED). The study was performed between 14/10/2015 and 19/03/2016 on nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs) collected from children consulting at the PED of the University Hospital of Saint-Etienne for bronchiolitis (RSV detection) or flu-like syndrome (influenzaviruses A/B detection). NPAs were tested 24/7 at the PED with the RDT and then sent to the Infectious Agents Department for routine analyses, first by immunofluorescence assay (IFA), then by nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) considered as the gold standard in case of discrepancy between RDT and IFA results. For RSV detection, 205 NPAs was analyzed; the overall concordance between RDT and routine assays was of 97.6% (200/205). The sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), negative predictive value (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) were of 97.6% (160/164), 97.6% (40/41), 90.9% (40/44) and 99.4% (160/161), respectively. A total of 419 NPA was tested for influenzaviruses. For influenzavirus A, the overall concordance was of 98.8% (414/419); Se, Sp, NPV and PPV were of 100% (41/41), 98.7% (373/378), 100% (373/373) and 89.1% (41/46), respectively. For influenzavirus B, the overall concordance was of 97.9% (410/419); Se, Sp, NPV and PPV were of 96.6% (172/178), 98.8% (238/241), 97.5% (238/244) and 98.3% (172/175), respectively. Due to their excellent performances and their easy handle by non-laboratory personnel, these RDTs can be warmly recommended as point of care assays at the PED.

KEYWORDS:

Immunochromatography; Influenzaviruses; Point-of-care assay; RSV

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