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Anesthesiol Clin. 2019 Jun;37(2):317-331. doi: 10.1016/j.anclin.2019.01.004. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Office-Based Anesthesia: A Comprehensive Review and 2019 Update.

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Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and Pain Management, University Health Tower, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1400 Northwest 12th Avenue, Suite 3075-H, Miami, FL 33136, USA. Electronic address:
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue F-407, Boston, MA 02215, USA.


Over the last 25 years, with an exponential growth in the complexity of patients and procedures in the office-based setting, the topic of patient safety is becoming more fundamental. Current research efforts focus on the implementation of customizable safety checklists for both the patient and provider, and an emergency manual specifically adapted to guide providers though challenging and unexpected emergencies in this unique setting. Additional efforts are focusing on legislative changes and accreditation to standardize and ensure increased accountability and patient safety.


Accreditation; Emergency manual; Office-based anesthesia; Office-based practice legislation; Patient safety; Safety checklists

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