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Indian J Nucl Med. 2019 Apr-Jun;34(2):99-106. doi: 10.4103/ijnm.IJNM_152_18.

Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography Myocardial Ischemia Detection in High-Risk Asymptomatic Patients: Correlation with Coronary Calcium Score and High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein.

Author information

1
Department of Nuclear Cardiology, University Cardiology Clinic, Skopje, Macedonia.
2
Department of Nuclear Cardiology, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Abstract

Background:

The association between myocardial ischemia in high-risk patients with coronary calcium score (CCS) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is not well established.

Aims:

We evaluated the correlation between hs-CRP, CCS, and myocardial ischemia in asymptomatic high-risk patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD).

Materials and Methods:

We prospectively assessed 68 asymptomatic high-risk outpatients without known CAD. One-day rest-stress Tc-99m single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging and multislice computed tomography were performed. Multivariate regression analysis was performed for the assessment of predictors of myocardial ischemia. Standard risk factors and hs-CRP values were analyzed.

Results:

CCS >0 Agatston score was observed in 26 patients (46.4%). Seven patients had CCS between 10 and 99 AU, 8 patients between 100 and 400 AU, and 11 patients had CCS >400 AU. Mild ischemia was noted in 11 patients, moderate ischemia in 10 patients, and severe ischemia in 6 patients. Hs-CRP was >1 mg/L in 39 patients, of whom 8 patients had CCS >0, 13 patients had normal SPECT results, 6 patients had mild ischemia, and 12 patients had moderate and severe ischemia. Multivariate regression analysis showed independent predictors for increased CCS: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (odds ratio [OR]: 2.891; P = 0.001); age >70 years (OR: 2.568; P = 0.001); and smoking (OR: 1.931; P = 0.001). We found hs-CRP to be an independent predictor of myocardial ischemia (OR: 4.145; 95% confidence interval: 1.398-7.471, P = 0.001).

Conclusion:

hs-CRP was an independent predictor of myocardial ischemia. hs-CRP might improve the selection of high-risk asymptomatic patients for myocardial SPECT imaging.

KEYWORDS:

Coronary Artery Calcium Score; high-sensitivity C-reactive protein; single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial imaging

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