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Epilepsy Curr. 2019 May-Jun;19(3):177-181. doi: 10.1177/1535759719844750. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

The Roof is Leaking and a Storm is Raging: Repairing the Blood-Brain Barrier in the Fight Against Epilepsy.

Author information

1
1 Center for Neuroscience, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
2
2 Department of (Neuro)pathology, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
3
3 Stichting Epilepsie Instellingen Nederland (SEIN), the Netherlands.

Abstract

A large body of evidence that has accumulated over the past decade strongly supports the role of both blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction and perivascular inflammation in the pathophysiology of epilepsy. Recent preclinical studies indicate that prolonged seizure- or brain injury-induced BBB dysfunction and subsequent perivascular inflammation may play an important role in post-traumatic epileptogenesis. In turn, perivascular inflammation can further sustain BBB dysfunction. In genetic epilepsies, such as tuberous sclerosis complex and other related epileptogenic developmental pathologies, there is an association between the underlying gene mutation, BBB dysfunction, and perivascular inflammation, but evidence for a causal link to epilepsy is lacking. Future neuroimaging studies might shed light on the role of BBB function in different epilepsies and address the potential for disease modification by targeting both the BBB and perivascular inflammation in acquired and genetic epilepsies.

KEYWORDS:

biomarker; blood-brain barrier; brain injury; epilepsy; epileptogenesis; extracellular matrix; perivascular inflammation

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