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Am J Physiol. 1987 Mar;252(3 Pt 2):R587-93.

Glucose turnover in 48-hour-fasted running rats.


In fed rats, hyperglycemia develops during exercise. This contrasts with the view based on studies of fasted human and dog that euglycemia is maintained in exercise and glucose production (Ra) controlled by feedback mechanisms. Forty-eight-hour-fasted rats (F) were compared to fed rats (C) and overnight food-restricted (FR) rats. [3-3H]- and [U-14C] glucose were infused and blood and tissue sampled. During running (21 m/min, 0% grade) Ra increased most in C and least in F and only in F did Ra not significantly exceed glucose disappearance. Plasma glucose increased more in C (3.3 mmol/l) than in FR (1.6 mmol/l) and only modestly (0.6 mmol/l) and transiently in F. Resting liver glycogen and exercise glycogenolysis were highest in C and similar in FR and F. Resting muscle glycogen and exercise glycogenolysis were highest in C and lowest in F. During running, lactate production and gluconeogenesis were higher in FR than in F. At least in rats, responses of production and plasma concentration of glucose to exercise depend on size of liver and muscle glycogen stores; glucose production matches increase in clearance better in fasted than in fed states. Probably glucose production is stimulated by "feedforward" mechanisms and "feedback" mechanisms are added if plasma glucose decreases.

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