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PLoS One. 2019 Apr 29;14(4):e0208567. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0208567. eCollection 2019.

Comprehensive analysis of miRNA and protein profiles within exosomes derived from canine lymphoid tumour cell lines.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
2
Anicom Specialty Medical Institute Inc., Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Exosomes are small extracellular vesicles released from almost all cell types, which play roles in cell-cell communication. Recent studies have suggested that microenvironmental crosstalk mediated by exosomes is an important factor in the escape of tumour cells from the anti-tumour immune system in human haematopoietic malignancies. Here, we conducted comprehensive analysis of the miRNA and protein profiles within the exosomes released from four canine lymphoid tumour cell lines as a model of human lymphoid tumours. The results showed that the major miRNAs and proteins extracted from the exosomes were similar among the four cell lines. However, the miRNA profiles differed among the exosomes of each cell line, which corresponded to the expression patterns of the parent cells. In the comparison of the amounts of miRNAs and proteins among the cell lines, those of three miRNAs (miR-151, miR-8908a-3p, and miR-486) and CD82 protein differed between exosomes derived from vincristine-sensitive and resistant cell lines. Further investigations are needed to elucidate the biological functions of the exosomal contents in the microenvironmental crosstalk of lymphoid tumours.

Conflict of interest statement

Anicom Specialty Medical Institute Inc. provided support in the form of salaries for authors [T.U. and G.I.], but did not have any additional role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. This does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

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