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J Evol Med Dent Sci. 2019 Mar;8(12):855-858. doi: 10.14260/jemds/2019/190.

PATTERN OF SUBSTANCE USE IN A DRUG DEADDICTION CENTRE IN DIPHU- NORTHEAST INDIA-BASED STUDY.

Author information

1
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Department of Emergency Medicine, Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India.
2
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India.
3
Resident, McLaren Flint, Michigan, USA.
4
Sub-divisional Medical and Health Officer, Haflong Civil Hospital, Haflong, Dima Hasao, Assam, India.
5
Lecturer of Psychiatric Social Work, Department of Psychiatry, Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India.
6
Senior Lecturer of Psychiatric Social Work, Department of Psychiatry, Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India.
7
Associate Professor of Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychiatry, Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

India is a multicultural and multilingual democracy; the use of different substances is found to be regionally diversified. Ethnic variations have contributed to this diversification and so a single study on a particular region cannot be generalised to the whole Indian population. Alcohol is one of the most popular substances used in India which can be traced backed to the scriptures. The local homemade liquor is the most common form of liquor used by the Indian population. The traditional winemaking process is common among the different ethnic tribes of Northeast India and thus most of the alcohol use is unrecorded in this part of the country.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

An observational study was conducted in the Drug Deaddiction Centre of Diphu Civil Hospital, Assam where patients' recorded data over a four-year period was used. The data was reviewed retrospectively to understand the pattern of substance use in this region and the results were described using descriptive statistics.

RESULTS:

Alcohol was found to be the most used substance and significant gender difference was noted among the users. Both tribal and nontribal groups were almost equally seen to use alcohol while around one-fifth of the population belonged to the age group of less than 30 years. Early initiation of alcohol use due to cultural reasons was suspected. Various health issues ranging from gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms to death due to alcohol misuse were reported. Due to the retrospective review process, missing data was found to be a significant limitation to this study.

CONCLUSION:

Adequate health promotion focusing on effects of alcohol on health should be undertaken in this region and proper follow-up of the treated patients should be done to prevent relapse.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; Substance Abuse; Tribes

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