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Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2019 Mar-Apr;30(2):291-298. doi: 10.4103/1319-2442.256835.

Therapeutic plasma exchange for children with kidney disorders: Definitions, prescription, indications, and complications.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Saud University, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is a procedure that involves the removal of a large volume of plasma that is replaced with a replacement fluid, which is usually 5% albumin or fresh-frozen plasma. This therapeutic modality presents several technical challenges in children but has become increasingly used in pediatric nephrology. Owing to advances in technology, scientists have gained substantial knowledge of the molecular pathogenesis underlying many pediatric renal diseases, supporting the use of TPE in treating these disorders. This review presents a synopsis of the literature as it relates to the accepted indications for TPE in children, the technical aspects of the procedure, and the associated complications. Increased collaboration between pediatric nephrologists will hopefully allow scientists to obtain more data in children to assess the benefits of TPE in various renal disorders and improve the quality of care provided in children with renal disorders.

PMID:
31031364
DOI:
10.4103/1319-2442.256835
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