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J Minim Access Surg. 2019 Apr 24. doi: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_163_18. [Epub ahead of print]

Hybrid: Evolving techniques in laparoscopic ventral hernia mesh repair.

Author information

1
Department of General and Minimal Access Surgery, Manipal Hospitals, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Introduction:

Laparoscopic repair is now the treatment of choice for most cases of ventral/incisional hernia. Although the technique has undergone many refinements, there is no standard technique for difficult or complicated hernias.

Aim:

The aim of this study was to show the different innovative methods used to treat difficult ventral hernia through hybrid techniques.

Materials and Methods:

A total of 75 (n = 75) patients underwent Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Hybrid Mesh Repair (LVHHMR) by our surgical unit between January 2014 and December 2016. Three different techniques of repairing the defects were used. Mesh fixation time, post-operative pain score (visual analogue score) and follow-up for pain and recurrence (at 6 months, 12 months and 24 months) were recorded and analysed.

Results:

Out of 75 patients (20 men and 55 women), the median age was 45 years and body mass index of the patients was 25-35. Types of hernias operated were paraumbilical hernias, incisional and recurrent hernias. The techniques used were (1) laparoscopic adhesiolysis, open sac excision with closure of defect and laparoscopic mesh placement, (2) laparoscopic adhesiolysis, omphalectomy with closure of defect and laparoscopic mesh placement and (3) open adhesiolysis, sac excision with closure of defect and laparoscopic mesh placement. Five patients required analgesics for 48 h. No patients complained of pain at follow-ups (1 month, 6 months, 12 months and 24 months). Mean hospital stay postoperatively was 2-3 days.

Conclusion:

LVHHMR is safe and feasible approach for complicated/difficult ventral hernias. However, further larger studies are required to establish these methods as gold standard.

KEYWORDS:

Composite mesh; hybrid techniques; laparoscopic ventral hernia mesh repair

PMID:
31031327
DOI:
10.4103/jmas.JMAS_163_18
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