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J Minim Access Surg. 2019 Apr 24. doi: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_47_19. [Epub ahead of print]

Early experience with laparoscopic liver resection for spontaneously ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Transplant Surgery, Singapore General Hospital; Department of General Surgery, Sengkang General Hospital, Singapore.
2
Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Transplant Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.
3
Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Transplant Surgery, Singapore General Hospital; Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
4
Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Transplant Surgery, Singapore General Hospital; Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore.

Abstract

Introduction:

There are limited data to date regarding laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) for spontaneously ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma (srHCC). We performed this study to determine the safety and feasibility of LLR for srHCC.

Materials and Methods:

We conducted a retrospective review of all patients who underwent liver resection for srHCC from 2000 to 2018. A total of five patients underwent LLR for srHCC, and they were matched to 10 patients who underwent open liver resection (OLR) for srHCC to perform a 1:2 comparison. A separate cohort of patients who underwent LLR for non-ruptured HCC (nrHCC) was also compared against the laparoscopic group.

Results:

The comparison between LLR versus OLR for srHCC demonstrated no significant differences in baseline characteristics between both groups. There was also no significant difference in perioperative outcomes such as median operating time, estimated blood loss (EBL), rate of blood transfusion, post-operative median length of stay (LOS), overall complication rates, major morbidity rates and 90-day mortality rates. Comparison between LLR for srHCC and LLR for nrHCC demonstrated no significant differences in baseline characteristics between both groups. There was also no significant difference in key perioperative outcomes such as median operating time, EBL, rate and volume of blood transfusion, median post-operative LOS, morbidity rates or mortality rates.

Conclusion:

LLR may be performed safely in selected cases of srHCC. These patients have comparable perioperative outcomes as those who undergo OLR for srHCC and LLR for nrHCC.

KEYWORDS:

Hepatectomy; hepatocellular carcinoma; laparoscopic; liver resection; ruptured

PMID:
31031321
DOI:
10.4103/jmas.JMAS_47_19
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