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Mutat Res. 1987 Mar;183(2):103-8.

Induction of SOS responses in Escherichia coli by 5-fluorouracil.

Abstract

The inducibility of SOS responses by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), which has been used as an antitumor drug, was studied in Escherichia coli cells which have different DNA repair capacities for UV lesions. Expression of the umuC gene was apparently induced by 5-FU in the wild-type and uvrA strains, but not in lexA and recA strains. The inducibility of the umuC gene by 5-FU, the metabolite of which inhibits thymidylate synthetase, was abolished in cultures containing deoxythymidine monophosphate which is converted from deoxyuridine monophosphate by thymidylate synthetase. These results suggest that 5-FU may exert its SOS inducibility by inhibiting thymidylate synthetase and then disturbing DNA metabolism but not by incorporating 5-FU residues into RNA. Further, 5-FU weakly induced mutations in E. coli.

PMID:
3102958
DOI:
10.1016/0167-8817(87)90051-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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