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Mutat Res. 1987 Mar;177(1):83-93.

Isolation and characterization of second chromosome mutagen-sensitive mutations in Drosophila melanogaster.


We have undertaken the study of a collection of 32 Drosophila melanogaster mus strains selected on the basis of developmental sensitivity to the DNA-damaging agents, methyl methanesulfonate (MMS), N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene (AAF), nitrogen mustard (HN2), and gamma-radiation. In total, 18 of these strains are sensitive to MMS. In turn, 14 of these exhibit unconditional MMS sensitivity (one of the latter mutants is lethal at 29 degrees C), whereas the other 4 are sensitive to MMS only at higher temperatures. Detailed analysis of the 7 strongest MMS-sensitive strains reveals that they identify 4 new second chromosome mus loci. Two mus loci are each represented by two alleles. One mutant (mus205B1) is allelic to a previously characterized mus locus. Different MMS-sensitive mutants display patterns of mutagen cross-sensitivity (to AAF, HN2, benzo[a]pyrene (BP), and gamma-rays) that parallel the range of responses seen in previously recovered X-linked and autosomal mus loci. In general, mutations that are strongly sensitive to MMS are also sensitive to one or both of the procarcinogens, AAF and BP, as opposed to HN2 and gamma-radiation. In contrast, the moderately MMS-sensitive mutations are sensitive to HN2 and gamma-rays, but not to AAF or BP. Of the 14 mus strains that are not sensitive to MMS, 5 are sensitive to AAF, another 5 are sensitive to HN2, and the remaining 4 are sensitive to gamma-rays.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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