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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2019 Jun 18;514(1):252-258. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.04.029. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Extracellular vesicles derived from the mid-to-late stage of osteoblast differentiation markedly enhance osteogenesis in vitro and in vivo.

Author information

1
The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) & Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, People's Republic of China; Department of Dental Implantology, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, People's Republic of China.
2
The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) & Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, People's Republic of China.
3
Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Biology and Medicine (Ministry of Education), College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430076, People's Republic of China.
4
The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) & Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, People's Republic of China; Department of Dental Implantology, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: zyf@whu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play an important role in biological functions and may feature innate therapeutic potential for diseases. In the present study, EVs released by osteoblasts at different stages of the mineralization process were investigated for their potential ability to promote bone formation. Results showed that the characteristics of EVs of mineralizing osteoblasts changed with regularity. EVs derived from the mid-to-late differentiation stage remarkably promoted osteoblast differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells and improved osteoporosis in ovariectomized mice. The findings also revealed that the effect of EVs on osteogenesis was related with the maturity of matrix vesicles (MVs), a kind of EVs selectively released by mineralizing-related cells. Nevertheless, only the EVs from the mid-to-late stage showed osteoinductive properties, Synthetic cartilage lymph (SCL) treatment of EVs from the middle stage could promote MV maturation but showed no effect on osteoinduction. Additionally, EVs derived at the middle and mid-to-late stages showed innate bone-targeting potential. Collectively, this study demonstrated that EVs released by osteoblasts at the mid-to-late differentiation stage markedly enhance osteogenesis. Our findings present the prospective use of osteoblast-released EVs in bone tissue engineering.

KEYWORDS:

Extracellular vesicles; Matrix vesicles; Osteoblasts; Osteogenesis; Osteoporosis

PMID:
31029430
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.04.029

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