Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Apr 25;16(8). pii: E1470. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16081470.

Menstrual Cycle Disorders in Professional Female Rhythmic Gymnasts.

Author information

1
Chair of Woman's Health, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Medyków 12, 40-752 Katowice, Poland. czajkowskamariola@op.pl.
2
Chair of Woman's Health, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Medyków 12, 40-752 Katowice, Poland. ryszardplinta@wp.pl.
3
Chair of Woman's Health, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Medyków 12, 40-752 Katowice, Poland. magdalenawodarska@poczta.fm.
4
Chair of Woman's Health, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Medyków 12, 40-752 Katowice, Poland. aniabrzek@gmail.com.
5
Chair of Woman's Health, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Medyków 12, 40-752 Katowice, Poland. skrzypulec-plinta@o2.pl.
6
Chair of Woman's Health, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Medyków 12, 40-752 Katowice, Poland. cor111@poczta.onet.pl.

Abstract

The aim of this research was to compare menstrual cycles, menstrual disorders, and the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS)and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in professional female gymnasts and their peers who donot practice any sport, and to identify factors causing a predisposition to premenstrual tension syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorders in both groups. The prospective study involved apopulation of 85 girls. The study group consisted of 45 professional female gymnasts (15-17 years of age) who lived inthe territory of Silesia, in the southern area of Poland. The control group consisted of 40 girls of the same age who lived in the same area but did not professionally practice any sport. The research tools included a questionnaire, a daily diary of PMS symptoms, a daily diary of PMDD symptoms, and a premenstrual symptom screening tool (PSST). The study showed that intensive physical activity undertaken by girls before their first menstruation is a menarche-delaying factor andthat competitive sport promotes premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. The risk factors for PMS and PMDD were also identified, andincluded alcohol and coffee consumption.

KEYWORDS:

menstruation disorders; premenstrual dysphoric disorder; premenstrual syndrome; rhythmic gymnastics

PMID:
31027248
PMCID:
PMC6518119
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph16081470
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center