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Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2019 Apr 26. doi: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0048. [Epub ahead of print]

New Terminologia Anatomica highlights the importance of clinical anatomy.

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Division of Anatomy, Department of Human Morphology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, 6a Chałubińskiego Street, 50-368 Wrocław, Poland.


Although not all authors agree that Terminologia Anatomica merits special attention, any type of scientific terminology should be clear, exact, logical, coherent and worldwide accepted. A precise definition of every anatomical term is also crucial. New changes have recently been approved by Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT) as the previous version of terminology required minor revisions. This situation offers an opportunity to take a closer look at these new and interesting modifications. It turns out that selected traditional names, such as cavitas glenoidalis, incisura scapulae, linea intermedia, femur, talus (for pertinent bones), foramen mandibulae, platysma, diaphragma, cuspis anterior, posterior et septalis, extremitas superior et inferior (ren), musculus puborectalis, ramus colli (n. facialis), arteria dorsalis nasi, sulcus (et ramus) interventricularis posterior, vena interventricularis posterior, and several modern names (Terminologia Anatomica 1998), such as hilum splenicum, hilum renale, musculus sphincter pyloricus, membrana tympanica, nucleus interpositus anterior et posterior and so forth, have been excluded from the list of official anatomical names. Moreover, Roman numerals are not used for other structures than cranial nerves. Therefore, bones and muscles are numbered with Arabic numerals, which breaks with the long tradition. Nevertheless, the new version of anatomical terminology has both strengths and limitations, which warrants further refinement.


Nomina Anatomica; Terminologia Anatomica; anatomical nomenclature; anatomical terminology; clinical anatomy

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