Send to

Choose Destination
Front Psychol. 2019 Apr 5;10:684. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00684. eCollection 2019.

Effects of Non-verbal Priming on Attachment-Style Activation.

Author information

Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea.
Department of Psychology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, South Korea.


Using an affective priming procedure, two experiments examined the effects of non-verbal cues on activating attachment styles. In Study 1, the secure attachment group, which was primed non-verbally, showed higher levels of self-esteem, interpersonal competence, and positive affect than the insecure attachment group, which was also primed non-verbally. In contrast, no significant difference was found between the two attachment groups that were primed verbally. In Study 2, using a different priming method and adding a neutral group, similar interactions between priming modality (non-verbal or verbal cues) and attachment styles were found: the differences in self-esteem, interpersonal competence, and positive affect between the secure attachment group, neutral group, and insecure attachment group were greater when primed non-verbally than when primed verbally. Finally, the limitations of the research and recommendations for follow-up study are discussed.


affective priming; attachment style; interpersonal competency; non-verbal cues; positive affect; self-esteem

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Frontiers Media SA Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center