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Nefrologia. 2019 Apr 22. pii: S0211-6995(19)30053-0. doi: 10.1016/j.nefro.2019.01.006. [Epub ahead of print]

Persistent overhydration is associated with a significant risk of peritoneal infection by enteric pathogens in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital do Espírito Santo, Évora, Portugal.
2
Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Universitario de A Coruña, A Coruña, España. Electronic address: Miguel.Perez.Fontan@sergas.es.
3
Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Universitario de A Coruña, A Coruña, España.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Overhydration (OH) complicates frequently the clinical course of Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) patients, and keeps a controversial association with the risk of peritoneal infection. The main objective of this study was to disclose an association between persistent OH and the risk of enteric peritonitis in a relatively large sample of patients undergoing PD.

METHOD:

Following a prospective design, we monitorized systematically body composition of patients treated with PD in our unit (2011-2016), searching for a correlation with the ensuing risk of peritonitis, with an emphasis on the association between persistent OH (main study variable) and the risk of infection by enteric pathogens (main outcome). Essential demographic, clinical and laboratory variables with a potential influence on the risk of peritonitis were recorded. We used multivariate survival analysis to clarify the specific effect of different body composition parameters on the main outcome.

MAIN RESULTS:

We included 139 patients for analysis (mean follow-up 24 months). Sixty-three patients suffered at least one peritonitis, and 17 had at least one diagnosis of enteric peritonitis. Univariate analysis disclosed a general trend to an increased risk of enteric peritonitis in overhydrated patients, as evidenced by associations of this outcome with mean extracellular water/intracellular water (ECW/ICW) (p=.007), OH/ECW (p=.033) and ECW/total body water (ECW/TBW) (p=.004) ratios, but not with absolute OH values. Multivariate analysis confirmed similar associations or trends (RR: 3.48, 95% CI: 1.03-14.59; p=.046, highest versus lowest tertile of ECW/ICW, RR: 2.31, 95% CI: 0.98-6.56; p=.061, highest versus lowest tertile of OH/ECW, and RR: 6.33, 95% CI: 1.37-19.37; p=.011, highest versus lowest tertile of ECW/TBW). On the contrary, no apparent association was detected between OH and the overall risk of peritoneal infection.

CONCLUSION:

Persistent overhydration portends a significant risk of peritoneal infection by enteric pathogens, among patients undergoing chronic PD.

KEYWORDS:

Bioimpedance; Bioimpedancia; Body composition; Composición corporal; Diálisis peritoneal; Enteric; Entérico; Infección peritoneal; Overhydration; Peritoneal dialysis; Peritoneal infection; Peritonitis; Sobrehidratación

PMID:
31023497
DOI:
10.1016/j.nefro.2019.01.006
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