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BMC Cancer. 2019 Apr 25;19(1):388. doi: 10.1186/s12885-019-5608-2.

Efficacy of an RNA-based multigene assay with core needle biopsy samples for risk evaluation in hormone-positive early breast cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Hemato-Oncology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.
4
R&D Center, Gencurix Inc., Seoul, Republic of Korea.
5
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea. jyparkmd@knu.ac.kr.
6
Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea. jjh01@knu.ac.kr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Gene expression profiling provides key information for prognosis of breast cancer to establish treatment strategy. However, the genetic assessment should be available before induction of treatment to be useful for clinical practice. To evaluate the reliability of using needle biopsy samples for gene assays, we compared gene-expression profiling results between core needle biopsy (CNB) samples and surgical specimens in breast cancer.

METHODS:

Thirty-one paired, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded CNB and surgical specimen samples were selected from patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Total RNA was extracted from the samples and the risk classifications based on GenesWell BCT scores were compared.

RESULTS:

The BCT scores correlated between CNB samples and surgical specimens of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer (Pearson r = 0.66). The overall concordance rate of risk classification (high/low risk) was 83.9%. However, when the breast cancer does not contain intratumoral microcalcification, the concordance rate increased as 92.0%. And, when the breast cancer formed a solitary nodule (non-multifocal), the concordance rate increased up to 95.8%.

CONCLUSION:

Risk classification using the GenesWell BCT multigene kit with CNB samples could be considered reliable, when the breast cancer is a solitary nodule without intratumoral microcalcification. Such genetic profiling results should be helpful for establishing a treatment plan for hormone receptor-positive breast cancer before treatment induction.

KEYWORDS:

Biopsy; Breast; Carcinoma; Gene

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