Send to

Choose Destination
Turk J Med Sci. 2019 Jun 18;49(3):789-794. doi: 10.3906/sag-1811-50.

Validation and reliability study of the Turkish version of the Neuroquality of Life (Neuro-QoL)-Stigma Scale for neurological disorders

Author information

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Maltepe University, İstanbul, Turkey
Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Maltepe University, İstanbul, Turkey



Stigma can be defined as a negative perception of chronically ill patients by their relatives or by society, or a similar self-perception by the patients themselves. We aimed to validate the Turkish version of the Neuroquality of Life (Neuro-QoL)-Stigma Scale for neurologic diseases.

Materials and methods:

Forms were filled out by a total of 152 randomized patients under regular follow-up in the outpatient clinic (29 polyneuropathy, 25 epilepsy, 23 stroke, 24 tension-type headache, 28 multiple sclerosis, 27 Parkinson disease). The forms consisted of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), WHOQOL-BREF quality of life scale, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), the General Self-Efficacy (GSE) scale, and the Neuro-QoL-Stigma scale.


The internal consistency of the Neuro-QoL-Stigma scale showed Cronbach’s α coefficients of 0.95 for all groups. The mean scores of the stigma scales were 33.42 ± 13.91 (min–max: 24–87). There were strong negative correlations between high stigma scores and GSE-T, MSPSS-T, and WHOQOL-BREF, and a positive correlation with the BDI and BAI.


The Turkish version of Neuro-QoL-Stigma has satisfactory content validity and high internal consistency. Neuro-QoL-Stigma is suitable for understanding stigmatization in different neurological disorders in the Turkish population. The scale is available for use at


Stigma; neurology; Neuro-QoL; validation


Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center