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Int J Stem Cells. 2019 Apr 30. doi: 10.15283/ijsc18136. [Epub ahead of print]

Characterization and Differentiation of Circulating Blood Mesenchymal Stem Cells and the Role of Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase in Modulating the Adhesion.

Author information

1
Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Brain Korea 21, Seoul, Korea.
2
Dental Research Institute and Prosthodontics, Seoul National University Dental Hospital, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Dental Regenerative Biotechnology, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM MSCs) can differentiate into multi-lineage tissues. However, obtaining BM MSCs by aspiration is difficult and can be painful; therefore peripheral blood (PB) MSCs might provide an easier alternative for clinical applications. Here, we show that circulating PB MSCs proliferate as efficiently as BM MSCs in the presence of extracellular matrix (ECM) and that differentiation potential into osteoblast in vitro and in vivo. Both BM MSCs and PB MSCs developed into new bone when subcutaneously transplanted into immune-compromised mice using hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate as a carrier. Furthermore, LY294002 and Wortmannin blocked mesenchymal stem cell attachment in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting a role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in MSC attachment. Our data showed that the growth of PB MSCs could be regulated by interaction with the ECM and that these cells could differentiate into osteoblasts, suggesting their potential for clinical applications.

KEYWORDS:

Cell attachment; Homing; Mobilization; Peripheral blood stem cell; Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase

PMID:
31023002
DOI:
10.15283/ijsc18136
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