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Fertil Steril. 1987 Feb;47(2):324-8.

Simultaneous measurement of seminal L-carnitine, alpha,1-4-glucosidase, and glycerylphosphorylcholine in azoospermic and oligozoospermic patients.

Abstract

L-carnitine, alpha,1-4-glucosidase, and glycerylphosphorylcholine were measured in seminal plasma of a selected group of azoospermic men and in an unselected group of oligozoospermic men. In vasectomized subjects the epididymal indices (mean +/- standard error: L-carnitine, 276.9 +/- 27.5 nmol/ejaculate; alpha-glucosidase, 1.2 +/- 0.1 U/ejaculate; and glycerylphosphorylcholine, 1.5 +/- 0.2 mumol/ejaculate) were always below the normal range of fertile subjects (1757.4 +/- 76.7 nmol/ejaculate; 16.4 +/- 0.9 U/ejaculate; and 17.3 +/- 0.7 mumol/ejaculate, respectively). On the contrary in a large number of patients affected by azoospermia because of seminiferous tubular damage (750.4 +/- 83.6 nmol/ejaculate; 6.8 +/- 0.9 U/ejaculate; and 6.1 +/- 0.6 mumol/ejaculate; respectively) and in a few oligozoospermic subjects (1193.7 +/- 72.3 nmol/ejaculate; 10.3 +/- 0.7 U/ejaculate; and 10.8 +/- 0.7 mumol/ejaculate; respectively) the epididymal indices were found in the range of vasectomized subjects, showing an association between seminiferous tubular lesion and epididymal dysfunction. In conclusion, in spite of the low levels of epididymal indices found in patients with obstructive azoospermia, the presence of a large number of subjects with seminiferous tubular lesions without obstruction with similar low values of L-carnitine, alpha-glucosidase, and glycerylphosphorylcholine reduces the usefulness of these indices in differential diagnosis of azoospermia.

PMID:
3102288
DOI:
10.1016/s0015-0282(16)50013-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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