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FASEB J. 2019 Jul;33(7):8202-8210. doi: 10.1096/fj.201802817R. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Epithelial cell-derived prostaglandin D2 inhibits chronic allergic lung inflammation in mice.

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Department of Animal Radiology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Department of Pathobiochemistry, Osaka University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka, Japan.
Laboratory of Chemical Pharmacology, Daiichi University of Pharmacy, Fukuoka, Japan.
Human Gene Sciences Center, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.


The precise role of prostaglandin D (PGD)2 in allergic lung inflammation remains controversial. Here, we aimed to clarify the role of PGD2 in chronic allergic lung inflammation using hematopoietic PGD synthase (H-PGDS)-deficient mice. Repeated intranasal administration of ovalbumin (OVA) resulted in eosinophilic infiltration and mucin production in the lungs of wild type (WT) mice, leading to respiratory dysfunction. H-PGDS deficiency exacerbated these effects, which were accompanied by increased mRNA expression of TNF-α and eosinophil chemoattractants. The bronchial epithelium expressed both H-PGDS and TNF-α in the inflamed WT lung, and H-PGDS deficiency increased TNF-α expression further. In cultured bronchial tissue of WT mice, treatment with LPS elevated mRNA expression of TNF-α and eosinophil chemoattractants. H-PGDS deficiency promoted the expression of these factors, which was inhibited by treatment with PGD2 receptor, D prostanoid (DP) receptor agonist, or PGD2 metabolite 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-PGJ2 (15d-PGJ2). Treatment with TNF-α receptor antibody inhibited eosinophil chemoattractant expression. In vivo, administration of DP agonist or 15d-PGJ2 inhibited OVA-induced allergic lung inflammation. Bronchial epithelial cell-derived PGD2 attenuated lung eosinophilic infiltration with chronic allergic inflammation; these phenomena are at least partly attributed to the inhibition of TNF-α production via DP activation or 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-PGJ2 signaling.-Maehara, T., Nakamura, T., Maeda, S., Aritake, K., Nakamura, M., Murata, T. Epithelial cell-derived prostaglandin D2 inhibits chronic allergic lung inflammation in mice.


15d-PGJ; DP receptor; allergy; eosinophil


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